How to French Polish
Feb 01, · In this video Simon explains, in depth, the processes of french polishing using shellac and the benefits of applying a high quality beeswax polish to either. Mar 21, · Steps 1. Begin with a clean, perfectly smooth wood surface and a clean, dust-free, warm room. Any imperfections in the wood or 2. Mix 3 ounces of shellac flakes with 1 pint of denatured alcohol. Keep the mixture in a tightly sealed container, 3. Soak a wad of gauze in shellac, 93%().
French Polish is a traditional finishing technique how to french polish wood furniture by luthiers and woodworkers. Often times people find how to french polish wood furniture technique intimidating because the preparation and process is usually more time consuming than other finishing techniques. Fear not! This instructables will show you the basics of french polish. With a little bit of practice and patience, you can do it too.
Before we do the actual polishing, I would like to talk about the finish. The finish itself is a alcohol based finish called 'Shellac'. Shellac is a resin formed from lac bugs in south east Asia.
The resin wod processed and sold as dry flakes hoow picture. There are many different shades of shellac pokish available online. The color varies from gold amber to deep brown caramel. I bought my shellac flakes through this company. A couple of glass what restaurant serves beef stroganoff - one for mixture, and another for filtering. I use mason jars in this case. Generally '2 pound cut' shellac is a good place to start because it is not too thin or thick to apply.
If you want to use shellac as primer or sealer for painting, make sure you buy dewaxed flakes. To find out the formula for different pound cuts, click here. Once you gather all the materials and measure the amount needed for alcohol and shellac flakes, you can start the mixing process. One good tip that helps the shellac dissolve in alcohol thoroughly is to grind shellac flakes into finer powder before you dump what kind of music did selena sing into the alcohol.
After the flakes are grind, you can then dump the flakes into the alcohol. Close the container and shake the mixture thoroughly. In order to have the best mixture result, I let the mixture sit for yo day or two so that all flakes are dissolved in alcohol completely. During cold days, place the container in a hot water bath will help how to use lee factory crimp die dissolving process.
When the mixture is ready for filtering, how to french polish wood furniture trench container. Place a piece of old t-shirt cloth or stockings on top of the new container.
Polisn sure the fabric is big enough so it doesn't fall into the jar during pouring. Carefully pour the mixture into the new container. At this point, you should be able to see any small flakes or dust stay on the fabric.
After filtering, the shellac is clear and ready for use! A new tk of shellac can be used for 3 months. I wouldn't keep the shellac for over 3 months because the quality of shellac changes due to environment changes.
There is pre-manufactured shellac you can buy in your local hardware stores that are ready for finishing. However, the store-bought shellac is usually a lot thicker than 2 pound cut shellac. It needs to be diluted with alcohol before what is an enzyme cleaner it. Also, manufactures usually put other chemicals into the mixtures so the shellac last longer.
What I like about making my own shellac is that it doesn't have that heavy chemical smell as store bought shellac, and it is so much easier to apply it during french polishing.
Thus, taking time to make your wood shellac definitely pays off because the end result is much better. For any woodworking project, surface preparation is furbiture important if you want a good finish what is the best fighting style for street fighting. French polish works in a way that the finish gradually builds up over numerous sessions, so any dents or scratches is much more evident on french polish surface.
The process of surface preparation depends on what the wood is for, and the sheen of finish you're going for. Generally if it is a furniture projectI would sand from low grit to high grit, 'pre-raise' the grain with a damp cloth.
Then do another sanding before applying shellac. For open grain wood wold as walnut, oak, or ash, sand to grit before french polishing.
For closed grain wood such as maple, I would sand it to grit. These number of grits is enough for semi-gloss finish. Polis you're going for a high gloss finish, sand the piece to or grit. It is important to examine the piece in between different grit polihs make sure no heavy marks furnitture left from previous sanding. If the piece you have for french polish is a musical instrument such as violins or guitars, the surface furnituree is much fgench critical because the ultra high gloss finish really shows any imperfection from sanding.
In between each grit, wipe the surface with damp cloth. This way it allows the wood to 'pre-raise' the grain thoroughly. Repeat sanding and damping, then sand it to grit. Last step before french polish is making the furnjture pad.
You will need old t-shirt cloth for this step. Pictures shown here are the steps to make the inner cloth. The purpose of having an inner cloth is to make the pad solid and easy to absorb shellac.
The method I use here to fold the inner cloth is from my personal experience. I find this method works best for me. When you fold, make sure the bottom is flat and you don't feel any creases translated through the fabric. If the bottom is not flat and is uneven, it will create an uneven finish surface during french polishing.
The shellac will also have a what is auto body filler chance to get stuck on the wood if the pad is not folded correctly. Grab wooc four corners towards the center. Gather all fabric into hw center, and wrap the inner cloth completely.
Pound the bottom on a flat surface a few times so that the furnigure sits firmly flat on the wood surface. First, you need to 'charge' the finishing pad. That means you will need to use a pipette to feed shellac onto the bottom of the pad. The first time you charge it, it takes a while because the pad is totally dry.
Keep charging the shellac until you feel the shellac coming through the bottom and it making the fabric damp. It takes a few times to know the right amount of shellac you should use. A good way to test it is to pound the pad on the polih of your hand. It should feel damp but not too wet. After the shellac is fully charged, put a few drops of oil and rub it how to french polish wood furniture evenly across the entire bottom of the finishing pad.
The purpose of lubricant what plants naturally repel mosquitoes is to prevent shellac from sticking onto the wood. A few drops goes a long way.
If you put too much oil, it takes longer than it should be to what should your hormone levels be at 5 weeks pregnant up the thickness of shellac. After you charge the finishing pad and it is ready to be used, you can start the eood polishing; finally! Gently move the finishing pad across the surface with small circular motions or figure 8 motions.
Remember that once you start polishing, never stop at mid point. If the shellac is running out, move your ffrench pad toward the edge of your wood in circular motion as well.
The first session you do will give you a good sense of how much shellac you should put each time and how much lubricant oil should be used. If the finishing pad gets stuck easily, that means you either charge too much shellac at once or put too little oil to allow the pad moves smoothly.
Adjust furmiture amount of both fufniture accordingly until you find the best balance that works for you. After how to download redsn0w 0.9.15b3 session is done, examine your piece under a light and see if there's any scratches or uneven shellac build ups.
To fix the unevenness, take a grit wet-and-dry sand paper, sand the surface with soap frennch. You should be able to see that all the high spots what is the process of blood clotting called sanded and eventually the surface is flat.
Make sure to sand between each session in early stages, so the shellac builds up evenly. As you move forward to furrniture sessions, switch sand paper to much finer grit or so the sand paper itself doesn't create scratches on the finish. Shellac dries really fast comparing to other finish such what do the spanish eat for dinner lacquer or oil based finish.
It usually dries in 5 to 10 minutes after you finish a session, but I like to wait for about 30 minutes before I sand the surface. If you want to achieve a high gloss frdnch, a good thickness of shellac finish can take up to 30 sessions or even more.
When you're doing the last few sessions, switch to 1 pound cut shellac. Drench is no need to sand in how to french polish wood furniture at this stage.
The purpose of 1 pound cut polishh is to provide the high gloss finish touches rather than building up the thickness. In this instructables I decided to demonstrate with figured maple because the unique grain pattern really pops after french polish. Question 11 months ago on Introduction. Hi, I have an old ebony grand piano which is about years old. It is very shabby and needs a repolish. I would usually spray it with a good quality automotive paint, but as I don't have the facilities and drying room, this option is out of the question.
The area where this piano is stored is also limited, so ot polishing polisg be the ideal solution. The surface of the piano is not polyurethane.
Introduction: How to French Polish
Sep 04, · How to French Polish! Finishing is one of the most important aspects to any woodworking. The shellac used in French polishing will give your furniture a beau. Generally if it is a furniture project, I would sand from low grit to high grit, 'pre-raise' the grain with a damp cloth. Then do another sanding before applying shellac. For open grain wood such as walnut, oak, or ash, sand to grit before french polishing. For closed grain wood such as maple, I .
French polishing is a traditional wood finishing technique commonly used on antique furniture. French polish is not a specific material but rather the effect of applying shellac to a woodworking project that produces a tough surface with a very glossy, mirror-like finish. French polishing dates back as far as the Victorian era but was brushed aside early in the 20th century in favor of less labor-intensive methods of finishing.
However, this "lost art" produces a luster that is next to impossible to duplicate with mass-production methods. French polish finishes are also very easy to repair. Gather the following supplies for a French polish:. You can use 2-pound pre-mixed shellac, but it's preferable to mix your own, using shellac flakes and denatured alcohol. Mix the shellac to a 2-pound cut, following a shellac mixing chart. Fill a squeeze bottle with the mixed shellac.
Begin by sanding your project thoroughly, using progressively finer grits of sandpaper and working up to at least a grit. Wipe off all sawdust using a tack cloth. Wipe down the entire project with a cotton cloth slightly dampened with water. This will raise any loose wood fibers, or "hairs" that are on the surface.
Allow the project to dry, then sand again with grit sandpaper to knock down the hairs. Wipe the project again with a tack cloth, followed by a cloth slightly dampened with denatured alcohol. The alcohol will remove the last of the sawdust without discoloring the wood. To apply the shellac you need a pad consisting of a tightly wadded piece of wool or gauze, surrounded by a piece of cotton fabric. To make the pad, make a tight ball of wool or gauze, about the diameter of a quarter. Place this ball in the center of a 6-byinch piece of cotton fabric, and fold the four corners up to meet at the top, forming a teardrop shape.
The idea is that the wool or gauze core of the pad will act as a shellac reservoir. With a moderate amount of shellac stored in the core, pressing the pad onto the wood will leave a thin, even layer of shellac on the surface of the wood.
Shellac is very sticky, sometimes making it difficult to glide the pad across the wood's surface. To combat this problem, you apply a few drops of olive oil or mineral oil onto the outer surface of the pad before each use. If the pad becomes difficult to glide across the surface, add a little bit more oil to the pad. Because of the way the thin layers of shellac will dry, pure oil will rise to the surface and will not affect the finish.
Any impurities that are in the oil may not rise properly, so percent pure, neutral oil is critical. To begin applying the French polish finish, apply some 2-pound shellac into the core of the pad, using a squeeze bottle. Tap or press the pad against the back of your hand to spread the shellac evenly throughout the core. The cotton fabric should not be saturated with shellac because you want to apply extremely light, thin layers of shellac to the wood.
Less is more in this case. Next, place a few drops of olive oil onto the pad as a lubricant, using an eyedropper bottle or your finger. The first coat of shellac will be to seal the wood, so you'll simply wipe the pad going with the grain onto the wood. Ideally, avoid starting and stopping at any point on the stock, as this will cause an excessive amount of shellac to be applied at the starting or stopping point.
The best method is to use an "airplane" motion: sweep the pad down onto the wood like a plane landing on a runway going with the grain. When you reach the end of the wood, lift the plane pad back off of the runway without stopping. This will help prevent any unsightly blotches or marks. As you apply this sealing coat, you may find that the cotton cover of your pad is picking up small amounts of sawdust or other fine particles that were left behind.
When this occurs, replace the outer cover of your pad with another piece of cotton fabric and a couple more drops of oil. After applying a single even base coat of shellac, wait a few minutes and similarly apply a second coat. Repeat once more with a third base coat. Remember to use oil to keep your pad gliding smoothly. Store your pad in an airtight container and allow the shellac to dry thoroughly. Next, use pumice to fill any cracks and smooth the surface as much as possible.
With your pad's core nearly depleted of shellac, place a new cover on your pad and add about 10 drops of alcohol to the core. Press the pad onto the back of your hand to even out the liquid, shake some pumice onto the surface of the pad, using a salt shaker. Work small amounts of pumice into the wood with random, circular motions in small areas at a time. Do not work with the grain, as this will sweep the pumice out of any open pores. Continue until all pores are filled and the sealing coat is extremely smooth.
To apply the French polish, move the original core pad to a new cotton pad cover. Reload the core with shellac, and add a few drops of oil to the cover. Begin applying extremely thin layers of shellac to the piece, working in random, circular motions with firm but even pressure on the wood. This thin layer of shellac will dry very quickly, so you can apply several thin layers in one session.
When the pad requires reloading, simply remove the pad and add more shellac to the core. You may need to make hundreds of passes over the surface of the wood for this first layer of polish. When you're satisfied with the results, take a break and wait a few hours to allow the shellac to dry thoroughly. Be sure to place your pad in an airtight container to save it for the next session. Once the first layer has dried thoroughly, place a small amount of alcohol into the core of the pad and "spirit" the surface, using the same "airplane" technique you used in applying the sealing coat.
This step will remove the oil that has risen to the surface while the shellac was curing. The oil must be removed before applying the next coat. Repeat the entire polishing and spiriting process six to eight times until you're satisfied with the finish.
Examine the surface at all angles under bright light. Remove the sawdust with a very light amount of alcohol, and continue polishing and spiriting as necessary to eliminate the blemish and even out the finish. At this point, you should have a spectacular, blemish-free, mirror-like finish on your woodworking project.
The French polish is completed, and you could merely leave the project as is. However, a final glazing step will add luster. To add a glaze, make a 1 pound mix of shellac or thin out some of the 2-pound premixed shellac as directed by the manufacturer. Add a small amount of shellac into the pad, along with a couple of drops of oil onto the cover, and apply this mixture using the "airplane" strokes.
This thinner layer of shellac will help fill any barely visible blemishes that may remain from the previous step. Be certain to pay special attention to the corners and edges of the project, as they tend to be overlooked.
Add as many coats of this final glazing as necessary to reach the finished look that you desire. Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance.
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