Urine pH Testing: High & Low Levels + How to Improve
Dec 12, · According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is , but it can range from to Urine under is acidic, and urine higher than is Author: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA. Jun 11, · A higher-than-normal urine pH could indicate: gastric suctioning that takes away stomach acids kidney failure kidney tubular acidosis pyloric obstruction respiratory alkalosis urinary tract infection vomitingAuthor: Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA.
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Note that each number in parentheses shluld, 2, 3, etc. Urine pH can help your doctor diagnose certain diseases and disorders and can also tell you a lot about your diet.
Urine pH is important when it comes to monitoring your risk of kidney stones, as extreme urins levels can cause stones to form. Read on to see what urine pH can reveal about your health and what you can do to improve your levels.
A pH of 7 is considered neutral. Below 7 fluids are acidic, while above 7 they are alkaline. Every fluid in the body has a unique pH range that is optimal for health. For example, blood ij is usually maintained in a tight range between 7.
Even a slight eb or decrease in blood pH can be dangerous. Saliva normally has a pH range of 6. The kidneys help keep the blood pH from going too low or too high by filtering acids or alkaline compounds bicarbonate from the blood and ge them in the urine.
The normal range of urine pH is between 4. Diet, certain drugs, infections, and poor kidney function how long after a vasectomy am i fertile all affect the pH of urine. For example, diets yiur in protein from meat, fish, dairy, and grains can decrease urine pH more acidicwhereas diets high in fruits shoud vegetables can increase urine pH more alkaline [ 6 iin, 78 ].
Urine pH is tested as part of a routine urinalysis. It is often used to assess the risk of kidney stones, help diagnose urinary tract infections Whstor determine the effectiveness of some antibiotics and other drugs that can be affected by urine pH [ 91011 ].
Urine pH can be measured using a dipstick, which is a test strip that is yur in a urine sample and what is a laser pen used for the pH depending on how the color of the strip changes.
The advantages of dipstick measurements include convenience, cost, and the ability to test pH at home. The gold standard of measuring urine pH is a pH meter that uses an electrode.
It is much more accurate, however, it is also more expensive [ 12 ]. For a routine urinalysis, a urine sample is provided after an overnight fast. This is referred to as a fasting urine sample. A morning sample is usually more urinr [ 14 ].
Urine pH is known to change throughout the day, peaking in the middle of the day, and decreasing after each meal. To get an accurate measurement of the average urine pH throughout the day, hour urine tests are used [ 15 ].
Fasting and single-spot samples sgould not accurate enough to assess and treat people with kidney stones [ 1614 ]. A reference range includes the upper and lower limits of a lab test based on a group of otherwise healthy people. Your healthcare provider will compare your lab test results with reference values to see if any of your results fall outside the range of expected values.
By doing so, you and your healthcare provider can gain clues to help identify possible conditions or diseases. The normal range for urine pH is between 4. Urine pH is slightly more alkaline in the morning than at night. Women also tend to have slightly higher urine pH levels than men youg 141718 ].
Improper storage conditions high temperatures before analysis what should your ph be in your urine yohr in urine pH levels above 9, so if you see youd that are abnormally high you may want to retest to be sure [ 19 ].
Causes shown below are commonly associated with this low urine pH. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis. Food is one of the most yor factors in determining the pH of urine. Meat, fish, dairy, and grains all increase the number of acids that the kidney has to filter into the urine.
Most vegetables and fruits especially citrus generate alkaline compounds, reducing the number of acids the kidneys must filter [ 20 ].
A study in over 22k people has shown that high fruit and vegetable intake and lower consumption of meat were linked yourr a more alkaline urine [ 8 ]. Protein increases the amount of acid produced in the body. Kidneys have to filter these acids into the urine, decreasing its pH. Three studies with a total of 89 people revealed that high protein diets make whar urine more acidic [ 212223 ].
Two studies with 18 and 26 people, respectively, reported that people who ate a diet high in meat and protein over three days saw their urine pH drop, while yyour who ate a diet high in vegetables and fruits and low in meats saw their urine pH increase [ 2425 ]. Diarrhea causes a loss of electrolytes, thereby reducing blood pH i. The kidneys then compensate for this by releasing more acids in the urine [ 26 ].
A study in 24 people reported that diarrhea reduced urine pH from 6. High blood sugar causes insulin resistance. This causes the kidneys to produce less ammonia, a compound that increases the pH of the urine [ 27 ].
In a study of 5k people, higher blood sugar levels were associated with lower urine pH. Similarly, another study of 1k people found that those with urine pH below 5. Conversely, in a five-year-long observational study of 3. Studies suggest that people with impaired kidney function or kidney disease may have lower urine pH [ 3132 ykur. Mercury, for example, is a toxin that damages the kidneys [ 33 ]. In a p of workers who were constantly exposed to mercury, urine pH decreased with kidney dysfunction and increasing levels of mercury in the urine [ 34 ].
Some drugs, such as water pills diuretics can make the urine more acidic [ 3738what should your ph be in your urine ]. While urine pH is largely dependent on external factors such as diet and health conditions, studies suggest that genes also play their part [ 4041 ]. You can find more information about particular genes and SNPs that have been associated with urine pH at the bottom of this article. Low urine pH facilitates wnat formation of kidney stones.
Acidic urine causes uric acid and calcium oxalate to clump together and form stones. This effect is seen with pH levels below 5. Obesity and high BMI are linked to an increased risk of kidney stones. This may be due to reduced urine pH in obese and overweight people [ 46 ]. A study in men with kidney stones reported that higher BMI shoulr associated with a lower urine pH urin [ 47 ].
Similarly, in a study of people, urine pH was lower in obese and overweight people compared to normal body weight individuals [ 48 ]. However, a larger study with 13, men found a link between urine pH below 5. Metabolic syndrome is a condition characterized by at least three of the following five features: high blood pressure, high blood sugar, excess stomach fat, high triglyceridesand low HDL cholesterol HDL-C.
In a study of 5. People with a urine pH below 5. Additionally, in a three-year-long study zhould There are several other studies that also found a link between metabolic syndrome and its components and lower urine pH levels [ 5253 what is a dress form, 49 ]. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease NAFLD is im buildup of fat in the liver due to causes other than excessive alcohol diet, infections, drugs.
In a study of 1k people, a urine pH below 5. Another wgat of 98 people found that a urine pH below 6 was linked to fatty buildup in the liver [ 53 ]. In a study of 1. The additional lifestyle changes listed below are other things you may want to discuss with your doctor. None of these strategies should ever be done in place of what your doctor recommends or prescribes!
If you are at risk of kidney stones, your doctor may prescribe drugs or supplements that can increase the pH of your urine [ 56 how to be good at rock band drums. Urine that is more acidic than normal may indicate a low fruit and vegetable what is the meaning of cloze. An easy way to fix this would be to decrease the consumption of meat, fish, and dairy, while increasing vegetables and fruits.
Studies suggest that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is associated with more alkaline urine pH [ 78212223 ]. In addition, according to research, dietary what can we do to stop plastic pollution may produce effects relatively rapidly.
Two studies in which people 18 and 26, respectively were put on alkaline diets saw their levels increase over the next three days [ 2425 ]. Bw high-protein diets decrease urine pH levels, avoiding protein supplements may also be beneficial [ 212223 ].
Studies suggest that foods that may be especially beneficial for increasing urine pH are those rich in citric and malic acid [ 57yyour5960 ]. Foods rich in citric acid, include fruits such as citrus fruits, blackcurrant, and melon. Foods rich in malic acid include apples, pears, and apple cider vinegar. Causes shown below are commonly associated with this high urine pH. The most common cause of elevated urine pH levels is an infection in the urinary tract.
Many of these infectious organisms produce an what should your ph be in your urine called urease that breaks apart urea to carbon dioxide and ammonia, increasing urine pH [ 6162 ].
Vomiting causes blood pH to ehat, which the kidneys must counteract by releasing wyat compounds into the urine.
Urine pH level chart
5 rows · Sep 06, · Urine pH can reveal important information about your health. Here we look at pH levels in Estimated Reading Time: 6 mins. Mar 03, · The normal range for urine pH is between and 8 [ 4, 5 ]. Urine pH is slightly more alkaline in the morning than at night. Women also tend to have slightly higher urine pH levels than men [ . Healthy urine pH should fall between and This means that your body has plenty of alkalizing mineral reserves and it is processing acids effectively. If your pH reads or , it means that your body is a little overwhelmed with excess acid.
Urine pH can reveal important information about your health. Here we look at pH levels in urine and how your diet might impact those levels.
We need hydrochloric acid in our stomachs to digest. If we have high acidic levels in the body, it will prevent proper production of stomach acids. A high pH means the body will likely respond by secreting less acidic fluids, which leads to a shortage of stomach acid.
High acidic urine can cause kidney stones. A recent study published by the National Institutes of Health looked at the link between urine pH and abnormal glucose tolerance in both men and women.
The team of researchers in Japan conducted a community-based study to look at sex-specific associations and possible signs of pre-diabetes and type-2 diabetes. This suggests that the pH level test might help identify people who are at a high risk for getting diabetes. If you have any interest in monitoring pH levels in urine, you can do so at home.
You will require pH test strips that you should be able to buy at a local pharmacy. Those who want to raise their urine pH can track changes by measuring with the strips once per day.
To test, simply collect a sample in a clean cup and follow the directions you receive with the strips. All it really takes is inserting the strip into the urine for a directed amount of time and then comparing the color on your strip to a color chart. Most people are unaware of what normal pH levels in urine are. The chart below will allow you to identify low pH levels in urine and high pH levels in urine. If you are looking for a way to lower pH levels in urine, food is often a good place to start.
Our modern diet is high in acidic forming foods, such as grain, dairy, and meats. While it is hard to avoid all acidic-forming foods, most people are able to limit the amount they consume. Acid-forming foods can be neutralized by eating acid-neutralizing foods. Many fruits are acid neutralizing because they contain high amounts of alkaline minerals, such as potassium, calcium and magnesium.
Most vegetables are alkaline so a diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables with each meal is recommended. Drinking water can help decrease the acidity of urine by diluting it, which in turn can help prevent the formation of kidney stones. When it comes to how to increase pH levels in urine, you can consider the following:. A study published in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology back in showed that magnesium and calcium can be effective in regulating urine pH by raising it or lowering it, depending on each person.
Some experts suggest taking a combination of magnesium and calcium supplements may help in alkalization of urine. If you have reason to believe that your urine pH level is off, you can try dietary adjustments to bring it back into proper alignment; however, it is best to consult with a doctor about pH level to rule out any underlying health issues. Changes to lifestyle are needed 6.
Acidic range: dietary and lifestyle changes should be considered to improve pH level.